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Blue Vervain

Verbena hastata

Tall plant suited best to moist sites in meadow plantings.



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Verbena hastata, commonly called blue vervain, is a Missouri native perennial. It grows in wet meadows, wet river bottomlands, stream banks, slough peripheries, fields and waste areas.  Features candelabra-like flowers in upright spikes. Flowers on each spike bloom bottom to top, only a few at a time, and are attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies, and other pollinators.


Wildlife notes

The flowers of Blue Vervain attract many kinds of long-tongued and short-tongued bees. Mammalian herbivores usually avoid eating this plant because of its bitter leaves. An exception is the Cottontail Rabbit, which may eat the foliage of young plants to a limited extent. Also, various songbirds occasionally eat the seeds, including the Cardinal, Swamp Sparrow, Field Sparrow, Song Sparrow, and Slate-Colored Junco

Forage notes

Livestock usually avoid eating this plant because of its bitter leaves.

Landscaping notes

The preference is full to partial sunlight, moist conditions, and soil consisting of fertile loam or wet muck. This plant tolerates standing water if it is temporary. This is a good plant to locate near a small river or pond in a sunny location.

Borders, meadows, prairies, native plant gardens or informal/naturalized areas.

Restoration notes

Habitats include riverbottom prairies, moist meadows in floodplain woodlands, soggy thickets, borders of rivers and ponds, marshes, ditches, fence rows, and pastures. This plant adapts readily to degraded wetlands and other disturbed areas, but it can be found in higher quality habitats as well.

This plant is commonly used in the following mixes: Wet Meadow Mix, Butterfly & Hummingbird Mix

Additional information

Weight N/A

Packet, Ounce, Pound


Full Sun

Seeding Rate

6 bulk lbs/acre





Bloom Month

Jul, Aug, Sep



Specialty Uses


Cattle Palatability


# seeds/pkt


Packet coverage area

5 sq. ft

Life Cycle


What is PLS?

Pure Live Seed (PLS) is the portion of good viable seed per pound. It is a measure of the seed that is alive and able to sprout into plants. This product is sold by PLS ounce/pound. To provide one ounce/pound of viable seed, you will receive more than one ounce/pound of product. Read more about PLS here.