Callirhoe involucrata, also known as Purple Poppy Mallow, is a native perennial forb (wildflower) with a low, creeping growth form and fragrant flower. Historically, people of the First Nations used the taproot of this species medicinally. A decoction of the roots was used as a pain killer; the smoke from a smoldering, dried root was inhaled for head colds, and a tea made from the boiled root was drunk for internal pains and also to bathe aching body parts. They also ate the roots, which reportedly taste similar to sweet potato when harvested in late summer or fall. The leaves of Purple Poppy Mallow, like other members of the mallow family, are mucilaginous and have been used to thicken soups and other liquids.
Bees are common visitors of this species and they are the primary pollinators. Checkered Skipper (Pyrgus communis) caterpillars feed on the poppy mallows. The foliage and roots are quite palatable to many species of plant-eating mammals including deer, rabbits, and groundhogs. Because the leaves are green late into the winter and early in the spring, mammals often seek it out during these periods.
Purple Poppy Mallow is very palatable to livestock. It can be used as part of a forage mix on dry sites. It stays green late into the winter and greens up early in the spring, so this species can be a mouthful of quality forage for livestock especially during that period.
The foliage is attractive as are the magenta-colored flowers. Because it is indeterminate, it also has a relatively long bloom period compared to other native species. Purple Poppy Mallow readily recruits new plants from seed.
Purple Poppy Mallow is found on dry sites such as edges of glades and upland prairies. It often shows up after disturbance events.