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Golden Alexanders

Zizia aurea

Host plant for MO woodland swallowtail butterfly; long bloom time; a favorite of the ziziae bee (Andrena ziziae)



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Zizia aurea, commonly called Golden Alexanders, is a native perennial forb (wildflower) which often occurs in small colonies in moist woods and meadows, thickets, glades and prairies.

Wildlife notes

The flowers are attractive to many kinds of insects seeking pollen or nectar, especially short-tongued bees, wasps, flies, and beetles. Among the short-tongued bees are such visitors as Green Metallic bees, Masked bees, and Andrenid bees. Wasp visitors include Eumenine wasps, spider wasps, Ichneumonid wasps, and Crabronine wasps. Caterpillars of the butterflies feed on the leaves and flowers.

Forage notes

No information currently available. Please let us know if you have personal experience with this plant.

Landscaping notes

Golden Alexanders prefers full to partial sun, although light shade under trees is tolerated. The soil should be moist and loamy and can contain some rocky material. Best mass planted in open woodland or prairie areas, wild or native plant gardens. Golden Alexanders is an excellent addition to a wildflower garden because it provides accessible nectar to many beneficial insects with short mouthparts during the spring and early summer when such flowers are relatively uncommon.

Showy blooms make good cut flowers.

Restoration notes

Habitats include moist black soil prairies, openings in moist to mesic woodlands, areas along woodland paths, savannas, thickets, limestone glades, thinly wooded bluffs, powerline clearances in wooded areas, and abandoned fields. Golden Alexanders occurs in both degraded and higher quality habitats. It adapts readily to habitat restorations.

Watch a video of this plant:

Native Woodland Wildflowers

Additional information

Weight N/A

Packet, Ounce, Pound


Full Sun to Part Shade

Seeding Rate

8 bulk lbs/acre





Bloom Month

May, Jun


Gold, Yellow

Specialty Uses


# seeds/pkt


Packet coverage area

5 sq ft.

Life Cycle


What is PLS?

Pure Live Seed (PLS) is the portion of good viable seed per pound. It is a measure of the seed that is alive and able to sprout into plants. This product is sold by PLS ounce/pound. To provide one ounce/pound of viable seed, you will receive more than one ounce/pound of product. Read more about PLS here.