Dichanthelium clandestinum, also known as Deertongue Panicgrass or Deertongue Witchgrass, is a native perennial warm season grass. It is found in shady moist woodland areas, moist sandy soil, in ditches, and along roadsides. This species produces open-pollinated flowers initially, then later in the season they produce self-pollinating flowers on small inflorescences that are usually hidden within the sheathes. Both types of flowers produce viable seeds.
The caterpillars of several skippers, the larvae of some moths, the Southern Corn Billbug, the Rice Stink Bug, the stilt bug, a variety of aphids, and several leafhoppers feed on Deertongue Panicgrass. The seeds are an important food source to many birds, especially sparrows. Turkeys utilize the rosettes, foliage and seeds throughout the year. The seeds are also consumed by some small rodents, such as the wild House Mouse and Prairie Deer Mouse. Basal rosettes grow during autumn, remain green through winter, and provide valuable winter and early spring forage for deer.
Cattle, horses, sheep eat the young foliage of Dichanthelium clandestinum.
This species makes a nice ornamental grass.
Deertongue really shines in restoration projects focusing on disturbed areas where site conditions limit the use of other species. It is tolerant of acidic soil, aluminum concentration, and light textured, droughty and infertile soil.
This plant is often included in the following mixes:
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