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Woodland Bergamot

Monarda bradburiana

Early bloomer with attractive bronze foliage; not invasive like some horticultural monardas

*Note: Current inventory of this product contains a small percentage of Ox-eye Daisy


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Monarda bradburiana, commonly known as Woodland Bergamot or Bradbury Beebalm is a shorter, more compact Monarda than the classic Monarda fistulosa. It is a clump-forming perennial forb (wildflower) with square, unbranched stems. All parts of the plant have a pleasant aroma. It is typically found in dry, open woods and edges of glades, usually in acid soil. It is also popular in gardens and in landscaping. Attractive to pollinators. The leaves may be used in teas.

Wildlife notes

Long-tongued bees (especially bumblebees), butterflies, skippers, Hummingbird moths, beeflies, and hummingbirds visit the flowers for nectar. The small black bee Doufourea monardae is a specialist pollinator of Monarda spp. Short-tongued Halictid bees may visit the flowers to collect pollen; they are unable to reach the nectar. Caterpillars of the moths Sphinx eremitus (Hermit Sphinx), Anterastria teratophora (Gray Marvel), Pyrausta orphisalis (Pyralid Moth sp.), and Pyrausta signatalis (Pyralid Moth sp.) feed destructively on Monarda spp. (Bee Balms). Other insect feeders include the scentless plant bug Arhyssus nigristernum, the leaf-footed bug Euthochtha galeator, the aphid Hyalomyzus monardae, and the leaf beetle Physonota unipunctata. Mammalian herbivores usually avoid consumption of Monarda spp. – it is possible that the oregano scent of the foliage deters them.

Forage notes

Livestock tend to avoid plants in the mint family, perhaps due to the strong aromatic compounds.

Landscaping notes

Best grown in dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Tolerates somewhat poor soils and some drought. Plants need good air circulation. Deadhead flowers to prolong summer bloom. Tends to self-seed. Provides color and contrast for the herb garden, wild garden, native plant garden, meadow or naturalized area. May also be used in the perennial border, but probably is best in more informal plantings.

Restoration notes

Habitats include rocky upland forests, savannas, thickets, limestone or sandstone glades, bluffs, meadows in wooded areas, pastures, and roadsides. This species probably benefits from occasional wildfires to create clearings in woodland areas.

Videos About This Plant

To learn more about this plant, check out our videos about it and its uses.

Native Woodland Wildflowers

Additional information

Weight N/A

Packet, Ounce, Pound


Full Sun to Part Shade

Seeding Rate

3 bulk lbs/acre


Dry, Average



Bloom Month

May, Jun



Specialty Uses

Butterfly, Landscaping, Cut Flower, Medicinal, Tea

Cattle Palatability


# seeds/pkt


Packet coverage area

5 sq. ft

Life Cycle


What is PLS?

Pure Live Seed (PLS) is the portion of good viable seed per pound. It is a measure of the seed that is alive and able to sprout into plants. This product is sold by PLS ounce/pound. To provide one ounce/pound of viable seed, you will receive more than one ounce/pound of product. Read more about PLS here.